Energy Citizenship and Energy Communities for a Clean-Energy Transition - EC2




“Through empirical research, theoretical analysis and co-creation activities with diverse stakeholders the project will:
The project will develop a clear conceptualisation of energy citizenship, and gather actionable insights into the optimal conditions for it to flourish. It places a special focus on the role of energy communities and how their set-up can help – or hinder – the creation of energy citizens.
The insights gained will lead to policies, tools and practices that will support the sustainable, just, inclusive transition to a low-carbon society with citizens at the centre.”



"Energy Citizenship as a Viable Concept: An Interdisciplinary Understanding to Unfold the Potential of Legal, Economic, and Psychological Perspectives on the Citizenship-Based Energy Transition."

The role of citizens in the energy transformation was analyzed in the report alongside many other actors, such as large energy companies, other economic entities, local governments and the state. The consequence of placing citizens at the center of the energy transformation must be a change in legal regulations, the creation of financial tools and a system of access to information for citizens. The state can play a key role here. Thanks to renewable civic energy, even deeper decentralization of energy production will take place and the subjectivity and agency of citizens will increase. The prepared report is the basis for the preparation of a series of scientific publications in European specialist journals. Free download here:





The project leader: Zentrum für Soziale Innovation

The project partners: Universität Graz, Universität Lepizig, Wroclaw University of Business and Economics, RIJKSUNIVERSITEIT GRONINGEN,, ICLEI EUROPEAN SECRETARIAT GMBH, GLOBAL ECOVILLAGE NETWORK OF EUROPEEV, SM Wroclaw-Poludnie, Gmina Prusice, Comune di Scalenghe, Ture Nirvane Società Cooperativa a r.l., Arterra Bizimodu, Buurkracht Projecten B.V., GEMEENTE GRONINGEN

Scientific Manager of WUEBdr hab. Bożena Ryszawska, prof. UE

Project Manager of WUEB: Anna Smurzyńska

The duration of the project will be 36 months as of 1 May 2021


You can also sign in for the newsletter: Newsletter – EC² (